History: Druk Yul, the land of the Thunder Dragon, is perhaps one of the loveliest and most expensive adventure destination of Himalaya. The land was scattered into different independent principalities and ruled by the various religious leaders and was united in the 17th century by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. The King Jigme Singye is current head of the state and government.
Natural: Over 70 % of the land is covered by forest. Many areas have been set aside as national parks, forest reserves or wildlife sanctuaries, with a very rich natural diversity. Indeed, Bhutan has been declared one of the top ten environmental destinations in the world. Its rich vegetation and rare wildlife, including 500 species of birds and butterflies - these are the treasure of Bhutan.
Geography: Bhutan is a veritable Shangri-La, situated in the Great Himalayan range and bordered by Tibet to the north, east and west and India to the south. Total area is only some 47,000 sq. km, not much larger than Switzerland. Traveling in this fabled land is like being transported back to a bygone era.
People: The Drukpa and Lhotsampa are the inhabitants of Bhutan. With a total population of 700,000, it is the sole country in the world where Mahayana Buddhism is the official faith. The Buddhist religion as practiced in Bhutan has provided a rich and unique culture, with traditions and a way of life that have remained unspoiled to this day.
Entry procedure: The visa application procedure must be done in advance through a recognized tour operator, and advance approval must be received before you travel to Bhutan. The actual visa is issued only when you arrive in the country, at which time you must also submit three passport-sized photographs.
Access to Bhutan: Druk Air, the royal Bhutan carrier, is the sole airlines that operates flights to Bhutan from Kathmandu, Delhi, Dhaka and Calcutta. There is also a very good road connection from India and Nepal. Bhutanese government regulations make it mandatory to travel at least one way by Druk Air, either for entry or on leaving the country.